Lenovo X1 Carbon FCC Unlock of EM7455 under Ubuntu 22.04

I recently upgraded my Lenovo X1 Carbon (5th gen) from Ubuntu 20.04 to 22.04 and my 4G connection stopped working.

I travel a lot and one of the great features of the Lenovo X1 Carbon is the (optional) 4G/LTE modem which I use with an additional data-sim of my provider (Vodafone NL).

After not really wanting to fix it (time constraints) I put some time in it and searching around a bit I found the solution for my problem.

It has has to do with the Sierra Wireless EM7455 modem and an updated version of ModemManager in Ubuntu 22.04. The modem is locked by default and has to be unlocked by sending a ‘magic’ combination of commands.

The logs would show the following line:

<warn>  [modem0] couldn't enable interface: 'Invalid transition'

Links

Before jumping to the solution, let me first share a few links which I used to diagnose and resolve the problem:

The solution

For in-depth details of the root-cause of the problem I recommend reading the modemmanager’s website, but in the end you need to run these commands:

sudo ln -s /etc/ModemManager/fcc-unlock.d /usr/share/ModemManager/fcc-unlock.available.d/1199:9079
sudo apt -y install libqmi-utils
sudo systemctl restart ModemManager

Now keep in mind that this solution only works if you have a Sierra Wireless EM7455 modem. You can check this with the output of the lsusb command.

Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 003 Device 002: ID 1050:0407 Yubico.com Yubikey 4/5 OTP+U2F+CCID
Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 001 Device 005: ID 138a:0097 Validity Sensors, Inc. 
Bus 001 Device 004: ID 13d3:5682 IMC Networks SunplusIT Integrated Camera
Bus 001 Device 003: ID 8087:0a2b Intel Corp. Bluetooth wireless interface
Bus 001 Device 019: ID 1199:9079 Sierra Wireless, Inc. EM7455
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub

After creating the right symlink to unlock my Modem I was able to connect to the Vodafone network again and no longer had to use my phone’s wireless hotspot!

IPv6

wido@wido-laptop:~$ sudo ip addr show dev wwan0
12: wwan0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,NOARP,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc fq_codel state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
    link/ether fa:73:bc:24:0f:24 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 100.71.255.77/30 brd 100.71.255.79 scope global noprefixroute wwan0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
wido@wido-laptop:~$ 

Unfortunately Vodafone still (Jan 2023) does not support IPv6 on their 4G network. It’s coming I’ve heard….

Published by

Wido den Hollander

I am the CTO at PCextreme B.V. and i will keep this blog just to post some interesting information about my daily work on Linux (and other) systems.